The traits possessed by successful scientists are seldom examined systematically in college or
graduate school. They are not the traits that one would choose in an idealized characterization of a
scientist. Nor are they revealed by courses and tests. Most courses and tests emphasize temporary
fact accumulation, a worthy but largely unnecessary acquisition in an age of ready access to reference
information. Some personal characteristics are so pervasive among scientists that they appear
to be essential for scientific success. Others are common, advantageous, but not essential...
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